Serengeti National Park Travel
The Serengeti National Park is one of the most popular safari destinations in Africa. It is particularly popular for hosting the world’s largest mammal migration – The Great Wildebeest Migration. Every year during the peak of the migration, the world congregates in the Serengeti to witness this epic journey that brings the park to life and stirs up the vast wilderness like nothing else does. A number of research and conservation projects are carried out in the park and numerous documentaries have been shot in here. The Serengeti National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site owing to its biodiversity and ecological importance. It is also designated as a Category II protected area by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature,).
The park is located in Northern Tanzania bordering Masai Mara National Reserve in Kenya to the north, and Ngorongoro Conservation Area to the southeast. It covers an area of 14,760 sq km. There are plans to extend this area to Lake Victoria in order to provide some of the vulnerable wildlife with a permanent source of water even during the dry months.
There are four main habitats in the Serrengeti; the north is hilly and wooded, in the southeast are short and long grass plains, the western corridor has extensive woodlands and black clay plains and in the centre is the acacia woodland and savannah. This floral diversity has an effect on game concentrations in park.
THE GREAT WILDEBEEST MIGRATION
This 1000 kilometre journey of the over 1 million ungulates, does not have a particular starting point – it is an endless cycle that is determined by the weather patterns in this part of the world. Sometime in February there is synchronized calving after which the animals take a while in the southern area then sometime in late march they start trekking north, stopping to feed where convenient. They cross the Mara River into Kenya sometime between June and July and stay in the Mara till October when they find their way back to settle at the south between November and December. The river crossings are usually tense momentswith huge Nile crocodile waiting in the water. The ensuing stampedes have to be witnessed to be aptly appreciated.
The most common wildlife in the Serengeti are wildebeest and zebra, and various antelope species. Cape buffalo, waterbuck, warthog, giraffe and topi are also very common. Large prides of lions can be seen as well as hyena, cheetah and jackal. Families of warthog are a common sight. Hyena, jackal and lion are regularly sighted, often resting in the shade. Leopards are harder to spot since they hunt at night, but it is not uncommon to find them asleep high in the trees
In the rivers and bigger pools, pods of hippo will be found either in the water or foraging in the nearby thickets. Crocodiles will usually be lying in the river banks or inside the water floating like logsThere are numerous vervet monkeys and baboons. There are over 500 species of birds recorded in the Serengeti. There are both migrants and residents.
Serengeti National Park Highlights
- game drives
- bird-watching tours
- trekking & hiking tours
- camping tours
- cultural visits
- Balloon Safaris
- Boating and Canoeing